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The value of accurate maps for planning purposes became increasingly obvious.
After the Great Fire of London in 1666, a measured survey of the devastated city was made by John Leake and others and engraved by Wenceslaus Hollar. Notice that buildings undamaged by the fire are shown in bird's-eye view, but the fire-damaged area in plan.
A later series of strip maps by Emanuel Bowen appeared in John Owen, (1778).
Although such maps are not the best source for a building historian, some provide the first indication of the size of a settlement that happened to lie on a much-travelled highway.
Although decorative, the focus of the map itself is strictly on getting from A to B.
A new survey was a major event throughout the 16th and 17th centuries.
There was a rise in the publication of local history and guidebooks, often illustrated with a fold-out map.
Estate and parish maps, like the Baker/Fosbrook map of Painswick (1820), were drawn up for landowners, often on a scale large enough to show each building with reasonable accuracy.
Some of the earliest maps were designed to aid the traveller.
So few survive that one might imagine that the Romans, for example, did not know what a map was.