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Unlike their European successors, these earlier settlers were assimilated by the locals.

And they brought with them both technological improvements and one of Australias most iconic animals, the Dingo.

Recent government statistics counted approximately 400,000 aboriginal people, or about 2% of Australia's total population.

Descriptions and images of Aboriginal lifestyle at the time of the European 'arrival' reveals a unique look at the way humans survived around the ancient world before complex 'civilisations' became the norm for people living in across the larger Eurasian continental landmass.

However, I would suggest that if a civilization be defined by the degree of polishing of an individual's mind and the building of his or her character, and if that culture reflects the measure of our self-discipline as well as our level of consciousness, then the Australian Aboriginals are actually one of the most civilized and highly cultured peoples in the world today."In a genetic study in 2011, researchers found evidence in DNA samples taken from strands of Aboriginal people's hair, that the ancestors of the Aboriginal population split off from the ancestors of the European and Asian populations between 62,000 and 75,000 years ago - roughly 24,000 years before the European and Asian populations split off from each other.

These Aboriginal ancestors migrated into South Asia and then into Australia, where they stayed, with the result that, outside of Africa, the Aboriginal peoples have occupied the same territory continuously longer than any other human populations.

In this opinion he was joined by another educated person present'.

(Bishop Polding, 1845) In 1967 after a federal referendum on the topic, Aborigines became citizens and were allowed to vote in state and federal elections.

'I have myself heard a man, educated, and a large proprietor of sheep and cattle, maintain that there was no more harm in shooting a native, than in shooting a wild dog.

These findings suggest that modern Aboriginal peoples are the direct descendants of migrants who arrived around 50,000 years ago Both archaeology and the genes of aboriginal Australians suggest that a mere 15,000 years were required for humanity to spread from its initial toehold outside Africa, on the Arabian side of the straits of Bab el Mandeb, to the Australian continent.

The first Immigrants thus arrived about 45,000 years ago.

The Australian Aborigines represent the oldest example of continuous human culture in the world.

The remarkable longevity of their culture is unique in the modern world, and raises several fundamental questions about the path that 'Western civilisation' is currently following."To those who judge the degree of a culture by the degree of its technological sophistication, the fact that the Australian natives live in the same fashion now as they did thousands of years ago may imply that they are uncivilised or uncultured.

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